Symptoms of hyperglycemia include thirst, hunger, fatigue, blurred vision, and frequent urination.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor right away. Left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to serious health problems, including coma and death.
There are many ways to treat hyperglycemia. The most common treatment is medication. Other treatments include diet and exercise changes, and insulin therapy.
There are many causes of hyperglycemia:
The most common cause is diabetes mellitus, which can be categorized into type 1 and type 2 diabetes results when either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (type 1), or when the body cannot properly use its insulin (type 2).
Other causes include:
- Insulinoma is the growth of a pancreatic tumor that produces excess insulin
- Cushing’s syndrome, which can cause high blood sugar due to excess cortisol
- Medication for hypothyroidism or steroids (prednisone)
- Hepatic coma is an emergency condition caused by liver disease
- Renal failure and dialysis
- Stress-related hyperglycemia, which can be triggered by severe illness, surgery, or emotional stress
- Alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA), occurs when someone with alcoholism doesn’t eat for some time and then drinks alcohol. Alcohol is metabolized into acetone and further into the chemicals that cause high blood sugar levels.
- Hyperglycemia can be diagnosed by a fasting blood sugar test, which is one of the most common tests done at home or in clinical practice. If this test shows high levels of glucose, then further testing can usually diagnose the cause.
- Many things contribute to hyperglycemia. Having one or more risk factors does not mean that you will develop hyperglycemia, but it does mean that you need to be more aware of the symptoms.
The best way to avoid hyperglycemia is through prevention and treatment of diabetes, which includes good eating habits, regular exercise, proper insulin use (when needed), and routine medical care.
It is also important to keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control, check your feet regularly for sores or infections, and avoid smoking.
Treatment for hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia is treated by controlling blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, weight loss (if needed), oral anti-diabetic medications, insulin therapy if needed, and stress management.
Doctors may also prescribe other medications to treat related conditions, such as high blood pressure.
Exercises to control hyperglycemia
Many exercises can help to control blood sugar levels and prevent hyperglycemia. Some of the most effective exercises include:
1. Walking: Walking is a great exercise for controlling blood sugar levels. It is easy to do and can be done almost anywhere.
2. Jogging: Jogging is an excellent cardiovascular exercise that can help to lower blood sugar levels.
3. Cycling: Cycling is another great cardiovascular exercise that can help to keep blood sugar levels under control.
4. Strength Training: Strength training can help to improve insulin sensitivity and control blood sugar levels.
5. Yoga: Yoga is a great way to relax and improve flexibility. It can also help to control blood sugar levels.
6. Meditation: Relaxing and meditating for a predetermined time can help to reduce stress levels and improve flexibility, strength, and energy.