Diabetes is an incurable disease that requires ongoing health care and self-discipline education for patients to prevent serious complications and reduce the risk of long-term complications. Diabetes care is complex and requires many problems other than glycemic control. Extensive evidence exists to support multiple interventions to improve the effects of diabetes.
These levels of care are designed to provide physicians, patients, researchers, payers, and other people with interest in diabetes care, treatment goals, and tools for assessing the quality of care. While individual preferences, comorbidities, and other patient items may require a change of intentions, desirable goals for many diabetic patients are given. These standards are not intended to prevent complete evaluation and patient management by other specialists as required.
There are a lot of do’s and don’ts on the internet for diabetic patients. Here are some important do’s and don’ts:
Diabetes Guidelines: What Should Be Done?
Here is what a diabetic patient should do and follow:
- The diet plan should be balanced and divided.
- The calculated calorie requirement should allow the patient to lose or gain weight as needed and keep the bodyweight close to the appropriate/desirable body weight.
- Include loads of vegetables and 1 or 2 fruit juices such as oranges, papayas, sauces,
- guavas, or watermelons.
- Fruits of sweet taste need to be avoided. For example, custard apple, sweet bananas, grapes, mangoes etc.
- Include mainly high fiber foods like whole grains, pulses, and all raw vegetables.
- Daily dietary fiber should be at least 20-35 g. Fiber helps reduce postprandial bleeding, blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
- Make vegetables and herbs a part of your daily diet.
- Eat food low in a glycemic index. This helps to keep blood sugar at a normal level.
- Keep a small food diary. Keep a record of all foods you eat each day. You will be amazed
- by the amount and type of food you eat.
- An obese patient should reduce calories by reducing carbohydrate and fat intake. Make sure that food is eaten not only at the right time but also at the right time
- Include 5-6 small meals rather than three meals a day.
- When shopping, cooking, or eating outdoors, make healthy choices.
Diabetes Guidelines: What Should Not Be Done?
Here are a few things which should not be done by diabetic patients:
- Patients on insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents should not be rushed, as it may lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels).
- They should not skip meals, thinking that it can be done by eating other foods at the next meal. This can lead to low blood sugar and blood sugar fluctuations leading to microvascular problems.
- Do not eat white bread, chips, and cakes, which increase blood sugar quickly. Avoid processed and starchy foods such as white flour, white bread, potatoes, other cereals, processed foods, and meat
- Avoid fatty, fried foods.
- Do not take whole milk products.
- Butter, coconut oil, and palm oil are rich in saturated fats and should be avoided.
- Avoid trans fats such as margarine and butter
- Alcohol raises blood pressure and triglycerides, and over drinking weakens the heart
- Do not use artificial sweets in excess of the recommended amount. If possible, add tea/coffee without sugar gradually.
- Do not exercise on an empty or full stomach.
- Don’t smoke.
- Do not miss your medication.