Diabetic Foot Issues and Their Complete Care Guide

Common Diabetic Foot Problems and their Complete Care Guide

Diabetic patients need to take extra care of their feet as they can produce serious consequences with even a minor injury or cut. Diabetes may cause serious damage to the nerves that may take away the sensitivity or feeling in the feet.

In diabetes, the blood flow to the feet restricts making it difficult to heal any sort of injuries or damages. Blisters and sores form in the feet due to the blood vessel or tissue damage to the outer part of the skin.

Common Diabetic Foot Problems

Diabetic patients are prone to some common foot problems that can eventually lead to serious complications and infections.

Athlete’s Foot

Diabetic Foot Issues and Their Complete Care Guide

This is a fungal infection that occurs when there are cracks in the skin and the germs enter inside spreading infections. This infection causes itching, irritation, redness, and cracking.

Diabetic Fungal Infection Of Nails

Fungal infections in nails are difficult to treat as there are medicines that can only help in treating a small number of fungal nail problems. The dark and moist environment inside the shoes may cause this fungal infection to grow.


A small portion of hard skin near a toe is a corn. These corns form due to the pressure from shoes that creates friction between the toe and shoe. This can be treated well by taking some extra care of your foot like by using pumice stone you can rub gently the built-up tissue on the toe. Never try to cut the corn with a sharp or pointed object. Also, never try to puncture it with any kind of sharp object.


These are also small build-up areas of hard skin that form the underside of the foot. Similar to corns these also occur due to poor fitting of shoes or can also take place due to skin infections. You can treat calluses after a bath by rubbing pumice stone gently to remove the built-up tissue layer over the skin.


Bunions appear when the big toe gets over the second one becoming callused and reddish in color. This area may protrude out and become hard. Bunions occur by wearing high heeled shoes with narrow heads causing pressure on your big toe to bend on the second one. If left untreated, in extreme conditions, doctors may suggest surgery to regain its shape and size.

Diabetic Blisters

Wearing shoes without socks can cause blisters. They are also caused if the fitting of the shoes is not perfect for the feet to resist and due to recurrent rubbing on the same spot can infect them. Blisters can be treated by applying antibacterial cream or soft bandages.

Diabetic Ulcers

Deep sores or skin break are called diabetic ulcers. Rubbing of shoes, cuts, and minor scraps can cause ulcers in the foot. They should be treated well with medications to avoid further complications.


Diabetic Foot Issues and Their Complete Care Guide

Toe that is bent due to the weakened muscle is called Hammertoes. Hammertoes can lead to blisters, sores, and calluses. Corrective shoes should be used to treat them.

Dry Skin

Cracks caused due to dryness in the skin can allow germs to enter into the skin and cause infection. Thus, keeping your skin moist with lotions and cream can help.

Ingrown Toenails

Edges of the nails may grow into the skin infecting the nail inward causing swelling, pain, infection, and drainage.

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