Gestational Diabetes- Causes And Diet To Follow

gestational diabetes diet

Gestational diabetes is a problem that causes high levels of blood sugar levels during pregnancy. It affects up to 10% of pregnant women in the United States each year. It affects women who are pregnant but have never been diagnosed with diabetes.

However, it has the potential to harm your baby’s health and increase your chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Symptoms To Help You With Diagnosis

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Women with gestational diabetes might not have any symptoms or mistakenly attribute them to pregnancy.

You may have noticed:

  • You will feel extremely thirsty.
  • You will feel like you are starving and consume more food than usual.
  • You pee more frequently than average.
  • Causes of Gestational Diabetes

When you eat, your pancreas secretes insulin, a hormone that aids in transporting glucose from your bloodstream to your cells, where it is used for energy.

Your placenta produces hormones that cause glucose to build up in your bloodstream throughout pregnancy. That causes gestational diabetes and might need medical intervention. 

Who Are At High Risk

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If you do any of the following, you’re more likely to develop gestational diabetes:

  • Were you overweight before becoming pregnant?
  • Are you African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Native American, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, or Alaska Native?
  • Have blood sugar levels that are greater than average but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes (this is called prediabetes)
  • Had gestational diabetes before or had polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or another health condition linked to insulin problems Have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or other medical complications Have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or other medical complications
  • Have given birth to a heavyweight baby 
  • Have given birth to a stillborn or a kid with severe birth problems

Tests And Diagnosis For Gestational Diabetes

 You’ll consume 50 grams of glucose in a sweet drink, causing your blood sugar to rise. You’ll take a blood glucose test after an hour to evaluate how your body handled all that sugar. If your blood sugar is higher than a certain threshold, you’ll require a 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test, which involves doing a blood glucose test three hours after drinking a 100-gram glucose drink. Your doctor can also test you by giving you a 75-gram glucose drink and a 2-hour blood glucose test after you’ve fasted for 12 hours.

Gestational Diabetes Diet

Substitute all-natural sugars like fruits for artificial sugary treats like cookies, candies, and ice cream. Vegetables and whole grains should be included, and portion quantities should be kept in mind.

Every day, eat two to three small meals and two or three snacks at around the exact times.

Whole-grain bread, cereals, and pasta; brown or wild rice; oatmeal; and vegetables and fruits will assist you in achieving your goals.

To ensure that you obtain adequate vitamins and minerals, eat a variety of meals.


It is going to be easy to get rid of gestational diabetes if you follow a proper diet and exercise. So don’t worry and think positive for your upcoming bundle of joy. 

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