What is Insulin and how to manage it


Insulin lowers blood sugar by signaling cells in the liver, muscles, and fat to take up sugar from the bloodstream.

Insulin resistance is when the body does not respond to insulin properly, causing normal amounts of insulin in the blood to be less effective than they should. This causes high levels of sugar in the bloodstream and can lead to type 2 diabetes.

There are several reasons why a person may develop insulin resistance: too little exercise, being overweight, having an unhealthy diet, being stressed or depressed, hormonal changes during menopause or puberty.

Long-term complications of diabetes are heart disease, strokes, hypertension, kidney failure, blindness, and amputations. Many of these complications come from not getting enough blood sugar control which can lead to organ damage.

There is no cure for insulin resistance but there are things that can be done to help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

How can one manage Insulin:

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Exercise is key in maintaining healthy levels of blood sugar, especially when combined with a nutritious diet and weight loss. Losing weight is another way to lower blood sugar, by allowing your cells to respond better to insulin.

Stress management and including healthy coping strategies to help deal with stress, such as meditation and yoga can also improve your quality of life and reduce blood sugar levels. Managing mental health issues such as depression or anxiety is important in preventing insulin resistance from developing into type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Hormonal changes that occur during puberty and menopause also make it easier for women to develop insulin resistance.


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In order to lose weight, you need to eat healthier foods that are in smaller portions.

Take in fewer calories than you burn in a day, by adding in more exercise and eating less food.

Eating healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help with insulin resistance. The fiber content helps slow down how quickly your body converts carbs into sugars which is important for maintaining healthy levels of blood sugar.

People who are overweight or obese were found to have a higher risk of developing insulin resistance. Being overweight affects how your body metabolizes carbohydrates and sugars which leads to high levels of blood sugar over a period of time. The best way to prevent the development of insulin resistance is by managing weight early on in life. This can be achieved by eating healthier foods, exercising more, and having better-coping strategies.


Being physically active on a daily basis is very important in preventing the development of insulin resistance into type 2 diabetes mellitus. Regular exercise can help lower blood sugar levels, keep weight under control and reduce stress levels. Losing about 10% of your body weight through diet can be beneficial to the overall health and well-being of a person.

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